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Langue Grec
Auteur Dion Chrysostome
Références Sur la royauté (discours III) , 48
Sujet A propos des 3 formes de gouvernement dégénérées : tyrannie; oligarchie; démagogie
Descripteurs gouvernement; tyrannie; oligarchie; populace; démagogie; lois;
Extrait Grec
(48) t??s? d? ta?ta??, ?spe? e???ta?, p???te?a?? t?e?? ??a?t?a? {?a?} pa????µ?? 
d?af???a?, ? µ?? p??t? {te ?a? ???st? ?a? µ???  d??at?}, t??a????, ???? ?ß?e? 
?a? ß?? t?? ?a??st?? t?? ????? ?p????µ????? ? d? µet´ ??e???? ????a???a, 
s????? ?a? ?d???? p?e??e??a p???s??? t???? ?a? p?????? ?????? ?p? t??? 
p?????? ?a? ?p????? s?st?sa? 
(49) ? d? ???? p?????? ?a? pa?t?dap? f??? p?????? ??d?? e?d?t?? ?p???, 
ta?att?µ???? d? ?e? ?a? ????a????t?? ?p? ?????st?? d?µa?????, ?spe? 
???d???? ?????? ?a? ?a?ep?? ?p? ???µ?? s?????? µetaßa???µ????.
Traduction française
(48) To these forms of government—three in number, as I have said—are opposed 
three degenerate forms not based on law : The first is " tyranny," where one 
man's high-handed use of force is the ruin of the others. Next comes oligarchy, harsh 
and unjust, arising from the aggrandizement of a certain few wealthy rascals at the 
expense of the needy masses. 
The next in order is a motley impulsive mob of all sorts and conditions of men who 
know absolutely nothing but are always kept in a state of confusion and anger by 
unscrupulous demagogues, just as a wild rough sea is whipped this way and that by 
the fierce blasts.

Trad. anglaise : J.W. COHOON - H. Lamar CROSBY, Dio Chrysostom.  
Vol. I. London, Heinemann, 1932
Date : 28-11-2007

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Dernière mise à jour : 17/02/2002