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Langue Grec
Auteur Dion Chrysostome
Références Sur la convoitise (discours XVII), par. 13-15
Sujet La convoitise d'un bien peut se solder par la perte de tout ce que l'on possédait
Descripteurs convoitise; Jocaste, Étéocle; Polynice; Hélène; Ménélas; Troie; Xerxès; Perse; Grecs; Polycrate; barbare;
Extrait Grec
(17,13) a?t??a ???? ?? t?? ????st?? ??e?? {???}, ?pe? d??st?sa? t?? p?e????? 
?????, ? µ?? µ???? ???e?? ß????µe???, ? d´ ?? ?pa?t?? t??p?? ??t?? 
??µ?sas?a? t?? d??aste?a? t? µ????, ??? ?de?f?? µ?? ??te? ???????? 
?p??te??a?, µe????? d? ?a??? a?t??? ?at?st?sa? t??? s??a?aµ????? ?µf?te???, 
t?? µ?? ?p?st?ate?s??t?? pa?a???µa ?p???µ????, t?? d? ?µ??aµ???? µet? 
µ??????tt????t??, ?pe?d? t??? ?e????? ??? e??? taf??a?; 
(17,14) ?a? µ?? d?´ ???? ??d??? p?e??e??a?, t?? t?? ?????? ??p?sa?t?? ?a? t? 
t?? ?e?e???? ?t?µata,  ?? t??  µe??st?? t?? ?s?a? ??????te? p???? ?p????t? 
µet? pa?d?? ?a? ???a????, ?a? µ?a? ???a??a ?p?de??µe??? ?a? ???µata ????a 
t????a?t?? t?µ???a? ?t?sa?. ? t????? ??????, ? t?? ?t??a? ?pe???? ??????, 
?pe?d? ?a? t?? ????d?? ?pe??µ?se ?a? t?s??t?? st???? ?a? t?sa?ta? µ????da? 
s??a?a??? ??ase?, ?pasa? µ?? a?s???? ?p?ßa?e t?? d??aµ??, µ???? d? t? 
s?µa ?s??se d?as?sa? fe???? a?t??. p?????µ???? d? µet? ta?ta t?? ???a? 
?a? t?? p??e?? t?? ?p? ?a??tt? f??e?? ??a????et?. 
(17,15) ?a? µ?? ???????t?? fas??, ??? µ?? S?µ?? µ???? ???e?, 
e?da?µ???stat?? ?p??t?? ?e??s?a?? ß????µe??? d? t? ?a? t?? p??a?  p???p?a?µ??e??, 
d?ap?e?sa?ta p??? ????t??, ?? ???µata ??ß??, µ?d? 
??d??? ?e ?a??t?? t??e??, ???? ??as????p?s???ta ?p? t?? ßa?ß???? 

Traduction française
13 Illustrations are at hand: Did not the sons of Iocasta,  when they became at 
variance in their desire for more, the one wishing to be sole ruler, and the other 
seeking by fair means or foul to secure his portion of the kingdom — did they not, 
though brothers, slay each the other and bring the greatest evils, both of them, upon 
those who espoused their causes, since the invaders of the land straightway perished, 
while those who fought to defend it were worsted soon after because they would not 
allow the corpses to be buried? 14 And again, on account of the greed of one man 
who carried off Helen and the possessions of Menelaus, the inhabitants of Asia's 
greatest city perished along with their children and wives, for harbouring one 
woman and a little property they paid so huge a penalty. Then take the case of 
Xerxes, the master of the other continent. When he cast covetous eyes upon Greece 
too, and collected and brought against her so mighty a fleet and so many myriads, he 
shamefully lost all his armament and with difficulty saved his own person by taking 
to flight himself; and afterwards (p201) he was forced to endure the ravishing of his 
country and of his cities on the seacoast. 15 As a further illustration take Polycrates: 
They say that so long as he was ruler of Samos alone he enjoyed the greatest felicity 
of any man in the whole world; but that when he wished to meddle somewhat in the 
affairs of the people of the opposite mainland and sailed across for the purpose of 
getting money from Orestes, he met with no easy death, but was impaled by that 
barbarian prince and thus perished.  

Trad. anglaise : J.W. COHOON - H. Lamar CROSBY, Dio Chrysostom. 
Vol. II. London, Heinemann, 1939
Date : 08-12-2008

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Dernière mise à jour : 17/02/2002